SQL Server native CDC

Real-time replication using SQL Server native CDC #

For real-time replicaiton from SQL Server, you can choose to use the native change data capture (CDC) functionality of SQL Server to perform data extraction and replication. Follow these steps to set up real-time replication using the SQL Server’s native CDC.

I. Prerequisites #

Required permissions #

To allow replication, first verify that the user possesses the necessary permissions on source SQL Server. For more information, see SQL Server user permissions.

II. Set up connection configuration #

Specify the connection details of your SQL Server instance to Replicant in one of the following ways:

Use a connection configuration file #

The connection configuration fild holds the connection details and login credentials. You can find a sample connection configuration file sqlserver_src.yaml in the $REPLICANT_HOME/conf/conn directory. The following configuration parameters are available:

type #

The connection type representing the database. In this case, it’s SQLSERVER.

host #

The hostname of your SQL Server system.

port #

The port number to connect to the host.

username #

The username credential to access the SQL Server system.

password #

The password associated with username.

auth-type #

The authentication protocol for the connection. The following protocols are supported:

  • NATIVE (Default)
  • NLTM

Authentication protocol always defaults to NATIVE if you don’t explicitly set the auth-type parameter.

In case of NLTM protocol, provide the username in DOMAIN\USER format—for example, domain\alex.

database #

Specify the database name if the source is an Azure SQL Managed Instance.

extractor #

The CDC Extractor to use for real-time replication.

To use SQL Server’s native CDC functionality as the CDC Extractor, follow these steps:

max-connections #

The maximum number of connections Replicant uses to load data into the SQL Server system.

The following shows a sample connection configuration:


host: localhost
port: 1433

username: 'alex'
password: 'alex1234'
auth-type: NATIVE
database: 'tpcc'

extractor: CDC

max-connections: 30

Use a secrets management service #

You can store your connection credentials in a secrets management service and tell Replicant to retrieve the credentials. For more information, see Secrets management.

Use KeyStore for credentials #

Replicant supports consuming login credentials from a credentials store. Instead of specifying username and password in plain text, you can keep them in a KeyStore and provide the KeyStore details in the connection configuration file like below:

  type: {PKCS12|JKS|JCEKS}

Replace the following:

  • PATH_TO_KEYSTORE_FILE: The path to your KeyStore file.
  • PREFIX_OF_THE_KEYSTORE_ENTRY: The prefix of your KeyStore entries. You can create entries in the credential store using a prefix that preceeds each credential alias. For example, you can create KeyStore entries with aliases sqlserver_username and sqlserver_password. You can then set key-prefix to sqlserver_.
  • KEYSTORE_PASSWORD: The KeyStore password. This parameter is optional. If you don’t want to specify the KeyStore password here, then you must use the UUID from your license file as the KeyStore password. Remember to keep your license file somewhere safe in order to keep the KeyStore password secure.

III. Set up Extractor configuration #

To configure real-time replication according to your requirements, specify your configuration in the Extractor configuration file. You can find a sample sqlserver.yaml in the $REPLICANT_HOME/conf/src directory.

All configuration parameters for realtime mode live under the realtime section. The following shows a sample configuration:

  threads: 4
  fetch-size-rows: 10000
  fetch-duration-per-extractor-slot-s: 3

For more information about the configuration parameters in realtime mode, see Realtime mode.

Enable CDC in SQL Server #

CDC allows capturing every DML and some DDL operations that occur in the database. To enable logging of DDL and DML records, you must enable CDC at database and table level.

Enable for a database #

The following stored procedure enables CDC for a database:

EXEC sys.sp_cdc_enable_db 

For more information, see Enable change data capture for a database.

Enable for a table #

The following stored procedure enables CDC for a table:

EXEC sys.sp_cdc_enable_table  
@source_schema = N'dbo',  
@source_name   = N'MyTable',  
@role_name     = NULL,  
@supports_net_changes = 1

Use the appropriate schema, source, and role names in the preceding command. The @support_net_changes parameter only supports a value of 1 if the table has primary key. For more information, see Enable change data capture for a table.

Replicant throws error if you don’t enable CDC for either database or table.