Oracle

Destination Oracle #

The extracted replicant-cli will be referred to as the $REPLICANT_HOME directory in the proceeding steps.

I. Obtain the JDBC Driver for Oracle #

Replicant requires Oracle JDBC Driver as a dependency. To obtain the appropriate driver, follow the steps below:

II. Set up Shared Directory #

Replicant uses the external directory feature in Oracle for efficient loading of data into target Oracle. You must specify the shared directory in the stage section of the connection configuration file.

  1. Create a directory shared between Replicant host and Oracle host with READ and WRITE access.
  2. One way to create the shared directory is using NFS. You can follow NFS recommendation:

From here onwards, we’ll consider the directory created in this step to have the following path: /data/shared_fs.

III. Set up Oracle User Permissions #

The following step must be executed in an Oracle client.

  1. Grant the following privileges to the host replicant user
     GRANT CREATE TABLE TO <USERNAME>;
     --If you are unable to provide the permission above, you must manually create all the tables
    
     GRANT CREATE ANY DIRECTORY TO <USERNAME>;
     --If you are unable to provide the permission above, you must manually create the following directories:
     CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY csv_data_dir AS '/data/shared_fs';
     CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY csv_log_dir AS '/data/shared_fs';
    
    
     GRANT ALTER TABLE TO <USERNAME>;
     --
    
  2. Manually create user schema and a schema named io_replicate. Grant both of them permission to access a tablespace

IV. Set up Connection Configuration #

  1. From $REPLICANT_HOME, navigate to the sample connection configuration file:

    vi conf/conn/oracle_dst.yaml
    
  2. Make the necessary changes as follows:

    type: ORACLE
    
    host: localhost #Replace localhost with your oracle host name
    port: 1521 #Replace the default port number 1521 if needed
    service-name: IO #Replace IO with the service name that contains the schema you will be replicated
    
    username: 'REPLICANT' #Replace REPLICANT with your username of the user that connects to your oracle server
    password: 'Replicant#123' #Replace Replicant#123 with the your user's password
    
    stage:
      type: SHARED_FS
      root-dir: /data/shared_fs  #Enter the path of the shared directory
    
    max-connections: 30 #Maximum number of connections replicant can open in Oracle
    max-retries: 10 #Number of times any operation on the system will be re-attempted on failures.
    retry-wait-duration-ms: 1000 #Duration in milliseconds replicant should wait before performing then next retry of a failed operation
    
    #charset: AL32UTF8 #Character set to use when transferring data. This option must match the charset value in the source connection configuration.
    
    
    • Make sure the specified user has the following privileges on the catalogs/schemas into which replicated tables should be created:
      • CREATE TABLE
      • CREATE SCHEMA
      • CREATE ANY DIRECTORY
      • ALTER TABLE
    • If the user does not have CREATE SCHEMA privilege, then create a schema manually with name io_blitzz and grant all privileges for it to the user specified here. Replicant uses this database for internal checkpointing and metadata management.

    Additional parameters #

    • max-metadata-connections[v21.05.04.6]: When --metadata switch is not provided, the target is used as a metadata store. This config will determine the connection pool size for metadata storage.

V. Set up Applier Configuration #

Replicant supports creating/loading tables at the partition and subpartition levels. Follow the instructions below if you want to change the behavior.

  1. From $REPLICANT_HOME, naviagte to the sample applier configuration file:

    vi conf/dst/oracle.yaml
    
  2. The following Oracle-specific parameters are available for snapshot mode:

  • enable-partition-load: This option enables partition-wise load on target oracle. It is enabled by default for Oracle->Oracle pipeline.

  • disable-partition-wise-load-on-failure: If there is a mismatch between the partitioning spec on source and target, Replicant will throw error at runtime. If this option is set to true, Replicant will automatically fall back to non-partition aware multi-threaded load in next retry attempt.

  • init-constraint-post-snapshot: This config creates constraints and indexes after the snapshot is complete.

  • init-views-as-views[v21.04.06.8]: To create views as views instead of as tables.

    Default: By default, this parameter is set to false.

  • init-views-post-snapshot[v21.04.06.8]: If init-views-as-views is true, this option will create views after snapshot is complete. If disabled, views are created prior to snapshot. (by default this is true).

  • bulk-load: Arcion can leverage underlying support of FILE based bulk loading into the target system.

    • enable: To enable/disable bulk loading.

    • type: FILE

    • serialize: Specifies whether the files generated should be applied in serial/parallel fashion. Values are either true or false.

    • method: Specifies the method used to perform bulk load. The following methods are available:

      • EXTERNAL_TABLE: This method uses an external table to load intermediate CSV files that Replicant generates into the target Oracle. The prerequisite for this mechanism is that we need to have a shared directory between Replicant machine and target Oracle.

      • SQL_LOADER: This mechanism uses Oracle’s sqlldr utility to perform client side load into target Oracle. This mechanism does not require shared directory between Replicant machine and target Oracle. The prerequisite for this mechanism is that we need to set the following three environment variables before executing the Replicant process. You can include them in .bashrc as well:

        export ORACLE_HOME=<path_to_directory_containing_sqlldr_binary>
        export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$ORACLE_HOME":$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
        export PATH="$ORACLE_HOME:$PATH"
        

        sqlldr has a limitation that it does not accept case-sensitive usernames. For example, sqlldr will not accept the first command below:

        create user test identified by Test#123
        create user test identified by Test#123
        
    • native-load: With this parameter set, Replicant uses the Oracle Data Pump Import (impdp) utility to load table data instead of JDBC. This enables Replicant to efficiently handle large-scale data. For more information, see Oracle Native Import.

      The following configuration parameters are available under native-load:

      • enable: true or false. Whether to enable native-load.
      • stage-type: The type of staging area. Allowed values are SHARED_FS and ASM. The staging area can either be a shared directory or Oracle ASM.
      • directory: The Oracle directory object corresponding to the stage-type. For more information, see Create directory object in Source and Target Oracle.
      • path: Full path to the NFS (Network File System) representing the directory shared between Replicant and Oracle.

Below is a sample config:

snapshot:
  enable-partition-load: true
  disable-partition-wise-load-on-failure: false

  bulk-load : Arcion can leverage underlying support of FILEbased bulk loading into the target system.
    enable: true
    type: FILE
    serialize: true/false.
    method: SQL_LOADER.
 
 # native-load config is only available for Oracle -> Oracle replication
 #  native-load:
 #    enable: false
 #    stage-type: SHARED_FS
 #    directory: SHARED_STAGE
 #    shared-path: path-to-nfs


For a detailed explanation of configuration parameters in the applier file, read Applier Reference.

Oracle Native Import #

For Oracle as both Source and Target systems, Replicant uses Oracle’s native Data Pump Import (impdp) utility to load data into the Target. To set up Replicant and Target Oracle to use this feature, follow the instructions below:

Set up impdp in Replicant host machine #

  • Download the Oracle Instant Client Tools Package ZIP and extract the files.
  • Copy the impdp file to the /usr/bin directory.
  • Download the Oracle Instant Client Basic Package ZIP and extract the files in a directory.
  • Copy the path to the directory where you extracted the ZIP archive.
  • Set the ORACLE_HOME and LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variables in your ~/.bashrc file:
    export ORACLE_HOME=instantClientBasicPath
    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$ORACLE_HOME":$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    export PATH="$ORACLE_HOME:$PATH"
    

Create directory object in Source and Target Oracle #

Replicant uses the external directory feature of Oracle for efficient loading of data into Target Oracle. So you need to create a directory shared between Replicant host and Oracle host (both Source and Target) with READ and WRITE access. To do so, follow the steps below:

  • Launch Oracle SQL Plus from the terminal.
  • From the SQL Plus prompt, execute the following SQL commands:
    create directory SHARED_STAGE as '/shared-volume';
    grant read,write on directory SHARED_STAGE to SYSTEM;
    

Modify the Replicant Applier configuration file #

In Replicant’s Applier configuration file of Target Oracle, add a new native-load section under snapshot. This section holds the necessary parameters for Replicant to start using Oracle’s native Import utility. For more information, see Set up Applier Configuration.